Securitization of the Troubled Afghan Peace Process and the Role of Pakistan


  • Lubna Sunawar



Afghanistan, Pakistan, peace process, securitization, Taliban


Following the 9/11 attacks, the national security policies — notably of the Western nations — have taken a fundamental shift towards viewing vulnerable and unstable states, such as Afghanistan, as security threats. The strategic interference of the United States and its allies, for state-building in Afghanistan, not only failed in achieving its intended outcomes but also brought untold suffering and severe repercussions to the Afghan people. The major powers involved in the post-9/11 war against terror in Afghanistan — particularly the United States — had to bear heavy costs in terms of capital, materials, and lives. Being a neighbor of Afghanistan and a responsible state committed to peace in the region, Pakistan has made genuine and consistent efforts to promote a peace process that is Afghan-owned and Afghan-led, in order to bring sustainable peace and stability to Afghanistan. Using the post 9/11 U.S. mission as an example, this article analyzes how the securitization of development has affected the peace process in Afghanistan. The securitization theory of the Copenhagen School is used as a basis to explain the dynamics of the peace process (led by the United States) with the Taliban.

Author Biography

Lubna Sunawar

Lubna Sunawar is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Peace & Conflict Studies,
National Defence University, Islamabad




How to Cite

Lubna Sunawar. (2021). Securitization of the Troubled Afghan Peace Process and the Role of Pakistan. NUST Journal of International Peace & Stability, 4(2), 85–97.




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