UN Peacekeeping Operations and Successful Military Diplomacy: A Case Study of Pakistan


  • Bakare Najimdeen




Military diplomacy, UN peacekeeping operation, diplomacy, Pakistan's peacekeeping, foreign policy


Few years following its creation, the United Nations (UN) with the blessing of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) decided to establish the UN Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO), as a multilateral mechanism geared at fulfilling the Chapter VII of the UN Charter which empowered the Security Council to enforce measurement to maintain or restore international peace and security. Since its creation, the multilateral mechanism has recorded several successes and failures to its credit. While it is essentially not like traditional diplomacy, peacekeeping operations have evolved over the years and have emerged as a new form of diplomacy. Besides, theoretically underscoring the differences between diplomacy and foreign policy, which often appear as conflated, the paper demonstrates how diplomacy is an expression of foreign policy. Meanwhile, putting in context the change and transformation in global politics, particularly global conflict, the paper argues that traditional diplomacy has ceased to be the preoccupation and exclusive business of the foreign ministry and career diplomats, it now involves foot soldiers who are not necessarily diplomats but act as diplomats in terms of peacekeeping, negotiating between warring parties, carrying their countries’ emblems and representing the latter in resolving global conflict, and increasingly becoming the representation of their countries’ foreign policy objective, hence peacekeeping military diplomacy. The paper uses decades of Pakistan’s peacekeeping missions as a reference point to establish how a nation’s peacekeeping efforts represent and qualifies as military diplomacy. It also presented the lessons and good practices Pakistan can sell to the rest of the world vis-à-vis peacekeeping and lastly how well Pakistan can consolidate its peacekeeping diplomacy.

Author Biography

Bakare Najimdeen

Bakare Najimdeen is currently the Head of Department (HoD) at Centre for International Peace & Stability (CIPS), the National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Islamabad.




How to Cite

Najimdeen, B. (2020). UN Peacekeeping Operations and Successful Military Diplomacy: A Case Study of Pakistan. NUST Journal of International Peace & Stability, 3(1), 13–25. https://doi.org/10.37540/njips.v3i1.37




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