Ethnic Conflict and UN Peacekeeping Operations in Cote d’Ivoire


  • Muhammad Zubair Cheema PhD Scholar at the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, National Defense University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Lubna Sarwar Assistant Professor and Coordinator of Extra Curricular Activities at Department of Peace & Conflict Studies, National Defense University, Islamabad Pakistan.



Côte d'Ivoire, United Nations, Peacekeeping, UNOCI, Responsibility to Protect (R2P)


The article critically examines the effectiveness of the UN (peacekeeping) Operation Mission in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI). In doing so, it elucidates the challenges associated with employing Chapter VI and Chapter VII (i.e., non-military coercion [Article 41] and forcible military action [Article 42]) to resolve the ethnic conflict amongst the disputed parties. In particular, it considers the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as ‘forcible military action’ and argues that the implication of the framework has resulted in effective peace enforcement (i.e., UNOCI completed its mandate in June 2017). The article also illuminates several underlying factors that led to the eruption of violent conflict in Côte d'Ivoire. The analysis has been presented through the hourglass model and conflict triangle to realize the engagement of R2P encompassing relevant stakeholders for sustained peace in a conflict-ridden country.


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How to Cite

Muhammad Zubair Cheema, & Lubna Sarwar. (2023). Ethnic Conflict and UN Peacekeeping Operations in Cote d’Ivoire. NUST Journal of International Peace & Stability.





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